Technology Deep Dive

What is the NVIDIA Orin Series? What are the building blocks of NVIDIA Orin?

NVIDIA Jetson AGX Orin is taking the market by storm with its superior AI performance of up to 275 TOPS. Learn all that you need to know about NVIDIA Jetson AGX Orin, its technical specifications, and building blocks.

What is the NVIDIA Orin Series? What are the building blocks of NVIDIA Orin?

Over the years, AI systems have been at the front and center of many new technological advancements. They have played a crucial role in paving the way to solve a wide variety of tasks like motion planning, vehicle localization, speech recognition, automated parking, self-driving cars, and more. While early AI systems offered cloud-based services, these days – they have evolved to provide edge computing – thereby minimizing the amount of data transferred to the cloud, the number of gateways, bandwidth usage, and costs. It’s why edge AI systems, equipped with these high-performance computing capabilities are highly popular in embedded vision use cases.

As you may know, the NVIDIA® Jetson™ series of processors remain the most commonly-used host platform for embedded cameras – owing to their superior performance. And NVIDIA® Jetson AGX Orin™ is the latest release – with the Jetson AGX Orin™ 64GB and the Jetson AGX Orin™ 32GB modules.

Let us now deep dive into the performance of Jetson AGX Orin™ and look at its specifications and building blocks.

What is NVIDIA® Jetson AGX Orin™?

Built to accelerate next-generation edge AI applications, the Jetson AGX Orin™ 64GB module offers exceptional AI performance by delivering up to 275 TOPS with power configurable between 15W and 60W. On the other hand, the Jetson AGX Orin™ 32GB module delivers up to 200 TOPS with power configurable between 15W and 40W.

Jetson AGX OrinFigure 1: Jetson AGX Orin (Source: NVIDIA)

NVIDIA® Jetson™ AGX Orin – performance and technical brief

According to NVIDIA, the Jetson AGX Orin™ series offers up to eight times the performance of its predecessor Jetson AGX Xavier™. This series is also powered by the same AI software and cloud-native workflows used across other NVIDIA platforms.

The following figure shows the block diagram of the Orin System-on-Chip (SoC).

Block Diagram of Orin SoCFigure 2: Block Diagram of Orin SoC (Source: NVIDIA)

Now, let us look at the technical specifications of Jetson AGX Orin™ 64GB and Jetson AGX Orin™ 32GB modules.

Technical specifications of Jetson AGX Orin series

The below table gives a detailed view of the technical specifications of NVIDIA Jetson AGX Orin:

Jetson AGX Orin 32GB Jetson AGX Orin 64GB
AI Performance 200 TOPS (INT8) 275 TOPS (INT8)
Power 15W – 40W 15W – 60W
CPU 8-core Arm® Cortex®-A78AE v8.2 64-bit CPU 2MB L2 + 4MB L3 12-core Arm® Cortex®-A78AE v8.2 64-bit CPU 3MB L2 + 6MB L3
GPU NVIDIA Ampere architecture with 1792 NVIDIA® CUDA® cores and 56 Tensor Cores NVIDIA Ampere architecture with 2048 NVIDIA® CUDA® cores and 64 Tensor Cores
Max GPU Freq 939 MHz 1.3 GHz
CPU Max Freq 2.2 GHz
DL Accelerator 2x NVDLA v2.0
DLA Max Frequency 1.4 GHz 1.6 GHz
Vision Accelerator PVA v2.0
Memory 32GB 256-bit LPDDR5 204.8 GB/s 64GB 256-bit LPDDR5 204.8 GB/s
Storage 64GB eMMC 5.1
CSI Camera Up to 6 cameras (16 via virtual channels*)
16 lanes MIPI CSI-2
D-PHY 2.1 (up to 40Gbps) | C-PHY 2.0 (up to 164Gbps)
Video Encode 1x 4K60 | 3x 4K30 | 6x 1080p60 |
12x 1080p30 (H.265)
H.264, AV1
2x 4K60 | 4x 4K30 | 8x 1080p60 |
16x 1080p30 (H.265)
H.264, AV1
Video Decode 1x 8K30 | 2x 4K60 | 4x 4K30 | 9x
1080p60| 18x 1080p30 (H.265)
H.264, VP9, AV1
1x 8K30 | 3x 4K60 | 7x 4K30 | 11x
1080p60| 22x 1080p30 (H.265)
H.264, VP9, AV1
UPHY Up to 2 x8, 1 x4, 2 x1 (PCIe Gen4, Root Port & Endpoint)
3x USB 3.2
Single lane UFS
Networking 1x GbE
4x 10GbE
Display 1x 8K60 multi-mode DP 1.4a (+MST)/eDP 1.4a/HDMI 2.1
Other I/O 4x USB 2.0
4x UART, 3x SPI, 4x I2S, 8x I2C, 2x CAN, DMIC & DSPK, GPIOs
Mechanical 100mm x 87mm
699-pin Molex Mirror Mezz Connector
Integrated Thermal Transfer Plate

*Virtual Channel related camera information for Jetson AGX Orin™

is not final and subject to change by NVIDIA.

Major building blocks of Jetson AGX Orin™ series

GPU (Graphics Processing Unit)

The 64GB and 32GB Jetson AGX Orin™ SoC are based on the NVIDIA Ampere Graphic Processing Units (GPU) architecture. The Jetson AGX Orin™ 64GB module is composed of two Graphics Processing Clusters (GPCs), up to 16 Streaming Multiprocessors (SMs), and up to 8 Texture Processing Clusters (TPCs). The Jetson AGX Orin™ 32GB module contains 7 TPCs and 14 SMs.

As mentioned in the above table, the 64GB module has 2048 CUDA cores and 64 Tensor cores while the 32GB module has 1792 CUDA cores and 56 Tensor cores. This enables almost 3.7 times the performance of the GPU on Jetson AGX Xavier™.

DLA (Deep Learning Accelerator)

Deep Learning Accelerator is one of the major blocks to be considered for deep learning operations as this supports next-generation NVDLA 2.0, which is nine times the performance of NVDLA 1.0. It enables the GPU to run more complex networks and dynamic tasks.

CPU (Central Processing Unit)

Jetson AGX Orin™ series has Cortex-A78AE, which is a higher performance CPU with 8-core for the 32GB module and 12-core for the 64GB module. This CPU enables almost 1.9 times the performance of the 8-core NVIDIA Carmel CPU integrated on Jetson AGX Xavier.

e-con Systems has launched e-CAM82_CUOAGX – a 4K SONY STARVIS™ IMX485 ultra low light camera for NVIDIA® Jetson AGX Orin™

e-con Systems has been pioneering in the embedded camera space for 18+ years with a wide range of cameras supported on NVIDIA Jetson platforms (in addition to offering cameras compatible with other ARM-based platforms such as the NXP i.MX series, Raspberry Pi, Google Coral, etc. just to name a few). Being an elite partner to NVIDIA, we have always made sure to integrate all our cameras with the Jetson platform. The latest addition to this portfolio is e-CAM82_CUOAGX, a 4K Sony STARVIS IMX485 camera for NVIDIA Jetson AGX Orin.

This camera comes with a sensor size of 1/1.2” and a pixel size of 2.9µm making it a high sensitivity camera suitable for use in extreme low light conditions. With the ability to stream 4K@72 fps and 1080p@90fps, this is a high resolution and high frame rate camera that helps to capture better details of the scene. To learn more about the features of this AGX Orin camera and its applications, please visit the product page.

e-con Systems also extends its support for NVIDIA Jetson AGX Orin to all its camera modules with sensors from Sony, Onsemi, and Omnivision. Please visit the Camera Selector to look at our complete portfolio of products.

Hope this article gave you a fair bit of idea about what NVIDIA Jetson AGX Orin is. We have more coming up on AGX Orin. So stay tuned!

Meanwhile, if you have any questions on the topic, please feel free to leave a comment. And as always, if you are looking for help in integrating cameras into your products, please write to us at

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